Welcome to BibleBum where we are exploring the entire Bible in one year to better learn how to follow God’s instructions and discover the purpose for our lives. The BibleBum blog uses The One Year Chronological Bible, the New Living Translation version. At the end of each day’s reading, Rob, a cultural history aficionado and seminary graduate, answers questions from Leigh An, the blogger host, about the daily scripture. To start from the beginning, click on “Index” and select Day 1.
New Living Translation, Biblegateway.com
Nehemiah Registers the People / 445 BC
4 At that time the city was large and spacious, but the population was small, and none of the houses had been rebuilt. 5 So my God gave me the idea to call together all the nobles and leaders of the city, along with the ordinary citizens, for registration. I had found the genealogical record of those who had first returned to Judah. This is what was written there:
6 Here is the list of the Jewish exiles of the provinces who returned from their captivity. King Nebuchadnezzar had deported them to Babylon, but now they returned to Jerusalem and the other towns in Judah where they originally lived. 7 Their leaders were Zerubbabel, Jeshua, Nehemiah, Seraiah,[a] Reelaiah,[b] Nahamani, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispar,[c] Bigvai, Rehum,[d] and Baanah.
This is the number of the men of Israel who returned from exile:
|8 The family of Parosh||2,172|
|9 The family of Shephatiah||372|
|10 The family of Arah||652|
|11 The family of Pahath-moab (descendants of Jeshua and Joab)||2,818|
|12 The family of Elam||1,254|
|13 The family of Zattu||845|
|14 The family of Zaccai||760|
|15 The family of Bani[e]||648|
|16 The family of Bebai||628|
|17 The family of Azgad||2,322|
|18 The family of Adonikam||667|
|19 The family of Bigvai||2,067|
|20 The family of Adin||655|
|21 The family of Ater (descendants of Hezekiah)||98|
|22 The family of Hashum||328|
|23 The family of Bezai||324|
|24 The family of Jorah[f]||112|
|25 The family of Gibbar[g]||95|
|26 The people of Bethlehem and Netophah||188|
|27 The people of Anathoth||128|
|28 The people of Beth-azmaveth||42|
|29 The people of Kiriath-jearim, Kephirah, and Beeroth||743|
|30 The people of Ramah and Geba||621|
|31 The people of Micmash||122|
|32 The people of Bethel and Ai||123|
|33 The people of West Nebo[h]||52|
|34 The citizens of West Elam[i]||1,254|
|35 The citizens of Harim||320|
|36 The citizens of Jericho||345|
|37 The citizens of Lod, Hadid, and Ono||721|
|38 The citizens of Senaah||3,930|
39 These are the priests who returned from exile:
|The family of Jedaiah (through the line of Jeshua)||973|
|40 The family of Immer||1,052|
|41 The family of Pashhur||1,247|
|42 The family of Harim||1,017|
43 These are the Levites who returned from exile:
|The families of Jeshua and Kadmiel (descendants of Hodaviah[j])||74|
|44 The singers of the family of Asaph||148|
|45 The gatekeepers of the families of Shallum, Ater, Talmon, Akkub, Hatita, and Shobai||138|
46 The descendants of the following Temple servants returned from exile:
Ziha, Hasupha, Tabbaoth,
47 Keros, Siaha,[k] Padon,
48 Lebanah, Hagabah, Shalmai,
49 Hanan, Giddel, Gahar,
50 Reaiah, Rezin, Nekoda,
51 Gazzam, Uzza, Paseah,
52 Besai, Meunim, Nephusim,[l]
53 Bakbuk, Hakupha, Harhur,
54 Bazluth,[m] Mehida, Harsha,
55 Barkos, Sisera, Temah,
56 Neziah, and Hatipha.
57 The descendants of these servants of King Solomon returned from exile:
60 In all, the Temple servants and the descendants of Solomon’s servants numbered 392.
61 Another group returned at this time from the towns of Tel-melah, Tel-harsha, Kerub, Addan,[q] and Immer. However, they could not prove that they or their families were descendants of Israel. 62 This group included the families of Delaiah, Tobiah, and Nekoda—a total of 642 people.
63 Three families of priests—Hobaiah, Hakkoz, and Barzillai—also returned. (This Barzillai had married a woman who was a descendant of Barzillai of Gilead, and he had taken her family name.) 64 They searched for their names in the genealogical records, but they were not found, so they were disqualified from serving as priests. 65 The governor told them not to eat the priests’ share of food from the sacrifices until a priest could consult the Lord about the matter by using the Urim and Thummim—the sacred lots.
66 So a total of 42,360 people returned to Judah, 67 in addition to 7,337 servants and 245 singers, both men and women. 68 They took with them 736 horses, 245 mules,[r] 69 435 camels, and 6,720 donkeys.
70 Some of the family leaders gave gifts for the work. The governor gave to the treasury 1,000 gold coins,[s] 50 gold basins, and 530 robes for the priests. 71 The other leaders gave to the treasury a total of 20,000 gold coins[t] and some 2,750 pounds[u] of silver for the work. 72 The rest of the people gave 20,000 gold coins, about 2,500 pounds[v] of silver, and 67 robes for the priests.
73 So the priests, the Levites, the gatekeepers, the singers, the Temple servants, and some of the common people settled near Jerusalem. The rest of the people returned to their own towns throughout Israel.
Ezra Reads the Law / 445 BC
In October,[w] when the Israelites had settled in their towns, 8 1 all the people assembled with a unified purpose at the square just inside the Water Gate. They asked Ezra the scribe to bring out the Book of the Law of Moses, which the Lord had given for Israel to obey.
2 So on October 8[x] Ezra the priest brought the Book of the Law before the assembly, which included the men and women and all the children old enough to understand. 3 He faced the square just inside the Water Gate from early morning until noon and read aloud to everyone who could understand. All the people listened closely to the Book of the Law.
4 Ezra the scribe stood on a high wooden platform that had been made for the occasion. To his right stood Mattithiah, Shema, Anaiah, Uriah, Hilkiah, and Maaseiah. To his left stood Pedaiah, Mishael, Malkijah, Hashum, Hashbaddanah, Zechariah, and Meshullam. 5 Ezra stood on the platform in full view of all the people. When they saw him open the book, they all rose to their feet.
6 Then Ezra praised the Lord, the great God, and all the people chanted, “Amen! Amen!” as they lifted their hands. Then they bowed down and worshiped the Lord with their faces to the ground.
7 The Levites—Jeshua, Bani, Sherebiah, Jamin, Akkub, Shabbethai, Hodiah, Maaseiah, Kelita, Azariah, Jozabad, Hanan, and Pelaiah—then instructed the people in the Law while everyone remained in their places. 8 They read from the Book of the Law of God and clearly explained the meaning of what was being read, helping the people understand each passage.
9 Then Nehemiah the governor, Ezra the priest and scribe, and the Levites who were interpreting for the people said to them, “Don’t mourn or weep on such a day as this! For today is a sacred day before the Lord your God.” For the people had all been weeping as they listened to the words of the Law.
10 And Nehemiah[y] continued, “Go and celebrate with a feast of rich foods and sweet drinks, and share gifts of food with people who have nothing prepared. This is a sacred day before our Lord. Don’t be dejected and sad, for the joy of the Lord is your strength!”
11 And the Levites, too, quieted the people, telling them, “Hush! Don’t weep! For this is a sacred day.” 12 So the people went away to eat and drink at a festive meal, to share gifts of food, and to celebrate with great joy because they had heard God’s words and understood them.
Questions & Observations
Q. (Nehemiah 7:65): We have talked about casting lots before as a way of asking God to identify or choose. Can you explain the process in more detail?
A. We covered this way, way back in March (the 28th to be exact, day 87), but I am happy to reexamine the question. The two stones: seen here: http://www.bibleandscience.com/store/catalog/product_info.php?products_id=29, would have basically served as the “yes” and “no” for questions that the High Priest asked. In the Joshua story — as we were looking at when we first addressed the topic — we saw that the priest would basically put the question or names on paper, and then cast the two stones towards the question to determine the answer. That’s basically all there is to it. It was one of the responsibilities of the High Priest, but both Christians and Jews have moved away from the practice.
Q. (7:66-73a): At first, I thought 42,000 people in one city is a pretty large number. (I still can’t imagine cities as big as they were back then. I always imagine small because of the more physical lifestyle and it was just long ago.) But, when you consider that this was all of the men (not women, children, servants, etc.?), then it’s not much when they scatter throughout all of Israel.
A. The nation was significantly smaller than the size under David or even Joshua, but keep in mind that’s only the people who returned: there were still people, including Jews, there: the king used them to grow crops on his land.
Q. (8:8): Here they say the Book of God. It’s the same as Book of Moses or Moses’ Law, right?
A. Yes. Many Jews would still use that title today.